As a kind of traditional manual embroidery technique, Suzhou embroidery has rich needling techniques. At present, the commonly used needling methods of Suzhou embroidery include slanting stitch, running stitch, snatch stitch, virtual and actual stitch, random stitch, roller stitch, chain stitch, gold stitch, Dazi stitch, loose stitch, tile engraving wheel stitch, well-shaped stitch, triangular stitch, etc. Choosing the right needling method can appropriately show the color, space and texture of different shapes, and enhance the expressive force of Suzhou embroidery art.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Slanting Stitch
Slinging stitch, also known as a winding stitch, is embroidered with oblique short thread around the body. The direction from one side to the other side is the same. The stitch should be even and dense, and the edge should be neat. If the lines are disordered and the needle mouth is hairy, it is not enough. This kind of needling method can be used to embroider small flowers, leaves and branches, but it is only suitable for a single color body, such as a flower. A leaf with a shade is not suitable. It is appropriate to embroider thin petals, such as chrysanthemum, and embroider characters.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Running Stitch
Running stitch is one of the basic embroidery techniques and the foundation of various needling techniques. The line organization of running stitch is evenly arranged, and can not be overlapped or exposed during embroidery.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Snatch Stitch
Snatch stitch, also known as banzhen needle, is a short straight needle following the posture of the body, followed by the front needle and snatched up one by one. This kind of needling is the development of straight needling. The color matching is to divide the depth into batches, and gradually make them evenly connected batch by batch. It is required that the batch should be even and the needle mouth should be neat.
Snatch stitch can be divided into Anti snatch and positive snatch. Anti snatch is from the inside out embroidery, embroidering a batch of pressing a line inside, so that the batch is neat. It is embroidered from outside to inside without pressing thread. In case of overlapping petals, staggered leaves and divergent branches and stems, a line of distance should be left at the exposed place to reveal the embroidery bottom and distinguish the boundary. But because of its regular line organization, the finished product is relatively strong and rich in color, and the pattern with pattern is the most suitable.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Virtual and Actual Stitch
Virtual and actual stitch is a kind of needling method that uses both virtual and actual needling and uses the real to form the virtual. The thinner the needle, the lighter the thread, and even the place where it is not embroidered is the same as the embroidery place. This is a virtual and actual stitch. For example, the mountains and waters in xiudu’s strokes are like stones chopped with axes, and the water in the distance is dark-colored with dense needles, and light colors with virtual needles are used in places without ink.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Random Stitch
Random stitch, also known as “regular embroidery” and “Brocade embroidery”, is a kind of embroidery that is suitable for making embroidery appreciation. In terms of embroidery techniques, it changes the rule of needle transportation in traditional needling techniques and uses long and short crossed lines and layered color techniques to express the picture. It can also be said that it is based on the reform of traditional embroidery techniques and the combination of Western painting strokes and colors.
Random needlework can move needles freely, use colors flexibly, and has a large scope for application. It can be mixed layer by layer in the process of adding colors again and again through the embroidery thread, or the color of the embroidery surface is embroidered layer by layer after merging with various color threads. In the intricate and intersecting lines, the embroidery surface image is full, implicit and thought-provoking.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Roller Stitch
The two lines press together to form a stripe. Line turning is more flexible, whether straight line or curve is more appropriate. It is often used to embroider the whiskers and eyebrows of animals, the wrinkles of human hair and clothes, or the narrow patterns.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Chain Stitch
Chain stitch, also called braid strand, is shaped like a braid made of hair, which is relatively strong and uniform. It is made of juxtaposed equal length needle.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Gold Stitch
Gold stitch is a simplification of Pingjin, which is based on the pattern of silk embroidery and adds a gold thread to the edge of the pattern. Gold stitch’s works are bright, even and neat, with a rich and brilliant decorative effect.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Dazi Stitch
Dazi stitch is a kind of point embroidery. It is to form a small circle of granular lines to form an embroidered surface. When you embroider a needle, you can see a particle, so it is called “Dazi stitch”. It is often used in decorative patterns.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Loose Stitch
Loose stitch is one of the most commonly used and widely used needling techniques in Suzhou embroidery. Its main features are an uneven arrangement of lines, division of skin, overlapping of skin and needle. Because of the flexible organization form of lines, it is good at showing the turning of silk texture of embroidery objects. It is not limited by color level and level. It can show the vivid posture of flowers and feathers in detail and has rich artistic expression.
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Tile engraving wheel Stitch
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Well shaped Stitch
Needling Techniques of Suzhou Embroidery：Triangular Stitch