What Is Quick-Drying Clothes?
Quick-drying clothes refer to clothes that dry faster. Compared with wool or cotton clothes, under the same external conditions, quick-drying clothes are easier to evaporate water and dry faster. It does not absorb sweat, but quickly transfers sweat to the surface of the clothes, and evaporates the sweat through air circulation, thereby achieving the purpose of quick drying. The drying speed of general quick-drying clothes is 50% faster than that of cotton fabrics.
When doing outdoor activities, a lot of exercise makes clothes get wet easily. Quick-drying clothes are characterized by moisture absorption and quick drying, so they have become the first choice for outdoor enthusiasts for summer outdoor activities.
The amount of outdoor exercise is generally large, and it is very uncomfortable to stick to the body after the clothes are soaked in sweat. In order to get rid of the uncomfortable feeling of a lot of sweat pooling on the skin surface, some people will choose to wear “comfortable and breathable” pure cotton clothing.
But in fact, pure cotton clothing can only absorb sweat and is not breathable, so it is not suitable for sports. The quick-drying clothes with good performance can introduce sweat into the surface of the clothes, so that the sweat can quickly volatilize and restore the comfort of the human body.
Some people think that quick drying clothes are very mysterious and believe that there are many high-tech ingredients in them. In fact, most of the quick-drying clothes are made of chemical fiber fabrics, but because of the different processing technology, it has all kinds of magical effects that ordinary clothes do not have. Quick-drying custom fitness clothes have low water absorption, good air permeability (depending on the material) and a certain degree of water repellency. After being wet, under the effect of body temperature or wind, they dry faster than ordinary clothes.
Main Function of Quick-Drying Clothes
Quick-drying clothes are produced to meet the requirements of outdoor use environments. Under normal circumstances, you can wear quick-drying clothes at the turn of spring and summer. They are more convenient and practical than heavy jackets. The main function of quick-drying clothes is to quickly wick away sweat, that is, to quickly absorb and diffuse sweat from the skin, and to increase the evaporation rate by expanding the area as much as possible.
If you wear ordinary sportswear and immediately switch to a resting state after exercising and sweating, you will get sick due to changes in body temperature. The quick-drying clothes can disperse moisture and keep warm, which helps keep the skin dry and fresh. Especially when doing outdoor sports, quick-drying clothes can play a better role in preventing wind, rain and moisture.
Design Concept of Quick-Drying Clothes
The design concept of quick-drying clothes and its quick-drying principle are inseparable from the use environment. The initial design concept of quick-drying clothes is mainly based on two considerations:
- Internal Factor
People who engage in field activities are more prone to sweating. If you exercise a lot, your whole body will sweat profusely. If you are wearing ordinary clothes at this time, they will cling to your skin, which is particularly uncomfortable. However, quick-drying clothes can quickly evaporate sweat to the body.
- External Factor
When walking in the wild, the morning dew or drizzle will wet your clothes. If the trouser legs are tightly attached to the legs, it will bring uncomfortable feeling. If you wear quick-drying clothes, their quick-drying performance and water repellent performance will help you avoid these unnecessary troubles.
Principle of Quick-Drying Clothes
This is a very professional question, and the principles used are different for different fabrics. Some fabrics use the characteristic principle similar to shape memory polymers; some fabrics use the principle of microporous film; some fabrics use the principle of difference between the diameter of water droplets, water molecules, and air molecules, and so on.
Here, I will focus on the principle of using microporous membranes. Quick-drying fabrics using the principle of microporous film are extremely common in the market. Its quick-drying principle is: the micropore diameter is between water molecules, and there is a film between the maximum diameter of air molecules and the minimum diameter of water droplets, and then the film is combined with the outer fabric, so the fabric has the effect of waterproof and breathable.
This is somewhat similar to the principle of GORE-TEX. The fabric that uses this principle plays a role in the microporous film. It not only plays a role of water repellency but also plays a role of breathability. Whether it is using the principle of microporous film or other principles, it is actually a chemical fiber fabric with different fibers.
Quick-Drying Clothing Fabric: Polyester Fiber
100% polyester fiber will make consumers feel uncomfortable wearing a layer of nylon on their body. To avoid this problem, different brands have their own solutions according to their own functional positioning. Some brand manufacturers change the discomfort of polyester fiber after water absorption through different weaving methods; some brand manufacturers pay more attention to comfort and add some ingredients such as cotton; some brand manufacturers make fabrics such as cotton fiber have a good quick-drying function.
Quick-Drying Clothing Fabric: COOLMAX
COOLMAX is one of the most common and relatively widely used fabrics developed by DuPont. Thanks to the hollow structure of COOLMAX, the fabric has an outstanding feature, that is, it has a strong sweat wicking function.
Quick-Drying Clothing Fabric: MONI-DRY
MONI-DRY is a moisture-absorbing and quick-drying fabric developed by COLUMBIA. Its main feature is that it has 2 to 3 times stronger volatility and water absorption than ordinary cotton cloth, which effectively keeps the body comfortable and dry.
Quick-Drying Clothing Fabric: ACTIVENT
ACTIVENT is a chemical material developed by the American GORE company that is windproof, very breathable, and also resistant to a little water. It is a kind of film that needs to be pressed together with other nylon materials. Quick-drying clothes made of this fabric are more suitable for cyclists.
Cleaning And Maintenance of Quick-Drying Clothes
Like hiking shoes, quick-drying underwear also requires correct cleaning and maintenance measures. For quick-drying clothes that are not waterproof, machine wash is fine.
For Teflon coating or other fabrics with waterproof function, it must be washed depending on the intensity of use. After washing, the degree of water repellency will decrease to varying degrees, and it can be restored with “Niwax” spray.
Early quick-drying clothing fabrics were mostly made of polypropylene. This fabric is easy to pilling. The more washing times, the more obvious the phenomenon, and it is easy to age when it is dried or near a fire source. Later, polyester was often used instead of polypropylene, and its characteristic is that it is not easy to pilling and aging. When washing these two fabrics, don’t rub them vigorously, and turn them to the “gentle” position if they are machine washed.
When drying quick-drying clothes, it is best to avoid direct sunlight like hiking shoes, because synthetic fibers are prone to aging under direct sunlight. In addition, the fibers used in quick-drying clothes are almost not refractory materials, and a spark may ruin your carefully selected quick-drying clothes. So please pay attention to fire prevention when smoking or playing at a campfire.
Application of Quick-Drying Clothes
- Wear in the field
Quick-drying clothes should be worn personally in the field. Some mountaineering enthusiasts like to add a T-shirt to the quick-drying clothes. If it is a pure cotton T-shirt, the sweat will be preserved by the pure cotton T-shirt and will not be able to spread quickly, then the outer layer of the quick-drying clothes doesn’t make any sense. However, if you wear a T-shirt made of COOLMAX material in the quick-drying clothes, COOLMAX can quickly wick away sweat.
- Wear in the city
Quick-drying clothes can be worn in the city. Some mountaineering enthusiasts also wear quick drying clothes in the city. In fact, the main advantage of quick-drying clothes is that they wick away sweat quickly. But its comfort is not as good as pure cotton T-shirts, and it’s even more stuffy than pure cotton clothing. If you are in the city and do not sweat a lot, and you are not worried that you will be damaged by the mountain wind after sweating, there is no need to wear quick-drying clothes.
It is best not to wear quick-drying clothes next to the body. After all, quick-drying clothes are chemical fiber products, so they don’t feel good when worn next to the body. Secondly, from the perspective of the effect of perspiration, many quick-drying clothes have a water-repellent coating.
Quick drying clothes made of these materials have poor sweat absorption ability. The ability to dry quickly after all wetness is okay, but the sweat on the body cannot be absorbed by the clothes. Therefore, if you buy a quick-drying garment of less than 200 yuan, it is best to put on a coolmax sweat-wicking garment inside, which is responsible for absorbing the body’s sweat and then draining it to the outer layer.
You can’t wear ordinary cotton T-shirts inside. Once you sweat, pure cotton will hardly wick away sweat, and it will be dangerous if you put it on your body and be blown by the wind. If you wear a over 200 yuan quick-drying garment made of real quick-drying moisture-absorbing material, then you can wear it alone.