What Is Chenille Yarn?
Chenille yarn, also known as spiral long caddice, is a new type of fancy yarn. It is made by twisting two strands as the core yarn and spinning the feather yarn in the middle. Therefore, it is called chenille yarn vividly. Generally speaking, there are chenille products such as viscose/nitrile, cotton/polyester, viscose/cotton, nitrile/polyester, and viscose/polyester. Chenille decoration products can be made into sofa covers, bedspreads, bed blankets, table blankets, carpets, wall decorations, curtains and other interior decoration accessories.
What Is Chenille Yarn: Features of Chenille Yarn
Chenille yarn is widely used in home textiles (sofa, wall paper, curtain cloth, etc.) and knitted garments due to its plump down, soft feel, thick fabric and light texture. Its characteristic is that the fiber is held on the stranded core yarn and shaped like a bottle brush. So chenille feels soft and has a very full appearance.
For the more popular and widely used chenille products on the market, it is basically made of a cotton chenille yarn tufted. Of course, according to the production processes of various manufacturers, there are also big differences in this chenille pile. The cotton chenille pile produced by some manufacturers is relatively thick, while the pile produced by some manufacturers is relatively thin. The standard chenille is made of 1 chenille yarn.
What Is Chenille Yarn: Principles of Chenille Yarn
- Conveying and positioning of core thread
In the spinning process, the core thread is divided into an upper core thread and a lower core thread. They are unwound from the bobbin under the action of the traction roller and are fed in together. Under the action of the roller piece and the spacer piece, the upper and lower core wires are placed on both sides of the feather yarn and are in the middle position of the feather yarn.
- The introduction and cutting of feather yarn
The feather yarn is composed of two or three single yarns. The single yarn is unwound from the bobbin and twisted with the high-speed rotation of the rotary head, which increases the bundling of the feather yarn. At the same time, it is wound on the spacer to form a yarn loop. The circle slides down with the rotation of the roller blade, and when the blade is cut into short feathers, these short feathers are sent to control the roller along with the upper core line and merge with the lower core line. In this way, the feather yarn is sandwiched between the two cores into the twisting zone.
- Twisting and forming
With the high-speed rotation of the spindle, the core yarn is quickly twisted, and the core yarn is firmly combined with the feather yarn by twisting to form a plump chenille yarn; at the same time, it is wound on the bobbin to form a tube yarn.
What Is Chenille Yarn: Specification of Chenille Yarn
According to market habits, chenille yarns are divided into thick number 500 tex～286 tex, medium number 250 tex～182 tex and fine number 167 tex～143 tex.
What Is Chenille Yarn: Chenille Fabric
Chenille fabric is made by twisting short fibers or filaments of different fineness and strength. The part that is seen is called surface yarn or decorative yarn, and the strongly twisted part is called core yarn. The core yarn increases the strength of chenille yarn and accounts for 25% to 30% of the composition of chenille yarn.
The decorative yarn is the main body, accounting for 70%. ~75%, showing beautiful effect and chenille style. It is widely used in the field of home textiles and knitted garments, forming a new bright spot in product development. Chenille decoration products can be made into sofa covers, bedspreads, bed blankets, table blankets, carpets, wall decorations, and curtains.